Admired by critics during his lifetime, he painted lush, Impressionist figures, still lifes, interiors, and landscapes and also did prints, but after his death his family sequestered his work. In 1938, a retrospective tribute was paid to him by the Vanderbilt Galleries in New York.
He was born in Hamburg, Germany, and trained at Dusseldorf and Karlsruhe academies. From 1892 to 1899, he lived in Lynchburg, Virginia, becoming supervisor of public school art. In 1899, he moved to New York where he worked as a magazine illustrator and formed a fine art publishing company. He married financial heiress Bertha Goldman, whom he used as a model. He had a studio in Paris from 1907 to 1911, and he did many French pastoral scenes. The couple then lived briefly in New York, built a home in Silvermine, Connecticut, traveled in Europe, and in 1934 he became regional director for The Public Works of Art Project.
He died in 1936 in New York City.